Knowing how to grow strawberries will make your life easier, especially when you are preparing fresh, fine desserts with fresh strawberries, sun-sweetened and still warm from your garden. Whether it is how to grow strawberries in pots, from the seeds, or how to grow strawberries from a strawberry, we have some great tips to help the whole process right. Grow different strawberry varieties so you have enough supply of strawberry patch from warm spring until fall.
There are several main types of strawberries you need to know. They are everbearing, day-neutral, and June-bearing. The everbearing types, like Quinault, can produce two crops: one in September and one in June. Hence, they are not actually everbearing. Meanwhile, the day-neutral strawberries types, like Tristar, are a continual yet smaller crop that will yield from June to September. Both day-neutral and everbearing strawberry types are ideal to grow in Zones 6 to 8, with an exception for hot and humid areas.
On the other hand, the June-bearing strawberry types, such as Shuksan, can grow well in Zones 6 to 10. Even so, some varieties are better to grow in local conditions. Hence, you can choose which strawberry variety to grow by checking with the local extension office or visit the local farmer’s market during June to buy some kinds and do your own strawberry taste test. Bear in mind that the June-bearing strawberries will yield their crop early in warm climates. This way, if you live in a warm area, you can thus expect to pluck your berries from the garden and eat them even starting from in April.
If you live in north, June-bearing strawberry varieties make a recommended choice. This how to grow strawberries tip is because this particular type of strawberry can offer a bigger summer bounty compared to the everbearers. Even so, the plants of June-bearing strawberry types will stop fruit after the first harvest. What you may need to bear in mind is the choice of spot where the strawberries will be grown. Regardless of what strawberry type you choose, pick a spot that has well-drained, moist soil and full sun. Before growing, spade the soil to a depth of 8 to 10 inches and work in abundance of well-rotted manure or compost.
If you plant June-bearing strawberries, do it in early spring and set them in rows 4 feet apart and set the plants 2 feet apart. Note that the mother plants will produce plantlets to hop around on root and runners. The plantlets will fill the rows and then create a mat. By letting them fill up the 2-ft-wide space, you can keep room in between the rows for access. As for the day-neutral and everbearing strawberry types, you will need to clip off the runners and maintain only the original plans instead.
With the June-bearing strawberries to grow, it’s important to renovate them every year with your lawn mower. Worry not; it’s an easy task. Once you have harvested, set the mower approximately 4 inches and then mow the beds. Rake out any clipped plant parts and weed, remove baby plants that hop out of the garden bed, and fertilize the soil lightly with the organic all-purpose mixture. For your first-year strawberry bed, you need to be brave and get rid all the flowers from the plants. It is important to establish and maintain a good plant root system (and to make sure that strawberry shortcake for next year will not only become your dream!).
Straw mulch will help. The straw, during the growing season, will keep the weeds down, keeps your berries from sitting in the mud, and moderates the moisture of the soil. Meanwhile, in winter, it serves as a blanket to keep the plants dormant and cold until the time for the strawberries to really start growing comes.
However, when you learn how to grow strawberries with the help of straw mulch, whether it is how to grow strawberries from seeds or from the strawberry, you need to be careful as snails and slugs can lurk under the straw and end up taking bites out of your berries. To address this issue, use only the organic slug control—the one with iron-phosphate base—to protect your precious, juicy berries.