Garlic is one of the most crucial ingredients of some food recipes. In fact, garlic seems to be a must in any food because it makes the foods tastier. In addition, this ingredient also has some health benefits. If you have large number of garlic and will use them in a long time, you can dry it. The other interesting fact about garlic is that it is easy to grow and does not require expensive costs. How to grow garlic requires you to do some steps, including the preparation, planting, caring, and harvesting.
Easy Steps How to Grow Garlic from Seed
There are some steps to do in preparing to grow garlic. First, you need to find out the right time to plant it. The best time to plant garlic is mid-autumn or early spring. Indeed, garlic can grow well in any climates, but it is less well in some areas of humidity and high heat or with lots of rainfall. Then, choose the right place. Garlic requires lots of suns. Sandy loam is the best soil type to plant garlic. Make sure that the soil has very good drainage. Before planting, use manure and compost to provide good nutrients for the soil and garlic plants.
Garlic is grown from the cloves (seeds). Thus, you need to purchase firstly fresh garlic. You better buy it from local farmers market. Make sure that it has high quality and avoid the garlic with chemicals. There are some tips for finding the fresh garlic as follows:
- Choose the fresh garlic bulbs that have large cloves.
- Each clove will sprout into the garlic plant.
- You better use the garlic that has spouted, if you have it at home.
- Garlic bulbs for planting are also available in nurseries.
The next step of how to grow garlic is planting it correctly. There are some steps of how to grow garlic from a clove. First, you need to break the garlic cloves from the fresh garlic head. Make sure that the cloves are not damaged because when damaged, they will not grow. Pick the larger cloves and plant them. Simply push the cloves into the prepared soil. Point the tips upward. The ideal depth is about 2 inches. If you plant some number of cloves, they should be spaced approx. 8 inches to each other. Then, cover the cloves with mulch. Fertilize them with compost.
The central part of growing garlic is about caring for them. You need to frequently water the plants. Keep in mind that the newly planted garlic requires moisture. It is necessary to support the development of the roots. However, don’t overdo watering because this can make the garlic not grow well. Just deeply water it once a week when there is no rain. Reduce watering gradually. Garlic also needs dry summer so that the bulbs mature well.
In addition to watering, you should also take care of pests. Beware with aphids that usually enjoy the garlic leaves. If they come, simply rub over them with your fingers and squash them. To deter them, some most people tend to plant garlic with roses above it. Mice and insects may nest in the mulch. You should consider using certain mulch that does not attract mice and some other small creatures.
You will find long green stalks when the garlic begins to grow. The next step of how to grow garlic is to pull off the stalks or also called scapes. They should be removed because they can damage the garlic bulbs. You better use gloves when you pull off the scapes unless you have your hands smell of garlic. You may ask when to harvest garlic. You should be alerted to the signs of the readiness for the harvesting. When you feel the individual cloves in the bulb or the leaves turn yellow or brown, this means that you should be ready to harvest the garlic.
To harvest the garlic, you need to loosen the area around the bulb. You can use the shovel. Then, simply pull the bulb out of the ground. You should be careful with the process of digging because garlic can easily bruise. After harvested, wash the garlic and leave them to dry. Keep in mind that garlic can get sunburned so that you should not leave them for too long outside.